Windows 10 Basics Session 1

Here we will be getting into Windows 10 basics session 1 - Terminology.

The Mouse

This is one of two ways we “talk” to our computer. If you are using a laptop, the
mouse is built in, in the form of a touch pad, as we see in the picture below the picture of the

If you have a touch screen, most of the things we click on with a mouse can be done with your
finger on the screen.

The button on the left, is called the left mouse button. Sometimes we click this once, called
single clicking, sometimes we click it twice, quickly, called double clicking. Sometimes we left
click and hold so we can drag things around.

A single left click is used to select something, or highlight something. They mean the same
thing. We often “select” something so the computer knows what we want to work on.

A double left click is used to open something, or to start a program. (Open the program)
The button on the right is called the right mouse button. We only click this one time. There is NO double clicking the right mouse button.— This would do nothing. We right click things to get a menu of things we can do. And the menu is specific to where our pointer is on the screen. If we right click with the pointer in a blank area of the desktop, the menu will pertain to the desktop. If we right click with the pointer on an icon, the menu will pertain to the icon we right clicked on. If we right click with the pointer in the taskbar, the menu will be specific to what we can do in the taskbar, etc., etc.

The Mouse Overview:

Left Mouse Click:
  • A single left click is used to select something, or highlight something
  • A double left click is used to open something, or to start a program
Right Mouse Click:
  • We right click things to get a menu of things we can do
  • When you right click the menu will pertain to where and what you right clicked on!

The Keyboard

This is the other way we “talk” to our computer. We’ll look briefly at our keyboard graphic now.Windows 10 Basics Session 1 1-Keyboard-Graphic
When you startup your Windows 10 computer, you may or may not have to enter a password. If you do have to enter a password, but would rather not bother, we can fix that so you don’t have to.
VERY IMPORTANT - If you are using a password, please write it down and store it someplace where you will have future access to it. It can be difficult for YOU if you forget this password.

The Desktop 

This is where we do our work, the same as a desk we might be using in our office. We will work on our mouse skills now. If you are not comfortable with your mouse or touchpad, you will never really enjoy your computer. If you need to work on your mouse skills, let me know. There is fun online help for you.


Windows 10 Basics Session 1 icons-in-win10 These little graphics you see on your desktop are called icons. They can be a single file, or a folder like the folders in your own filing cabinet, or even shortcuts to start programs.
Let’s work with our mouse now. Move your mouse around, and you’ll notice the pointer on your screen moves around, and it moves the same direction as you move your mouse. Put your pointer in a blank area of the desktop and Right Click. As promised, you get a menu, and this menu is for your desktop since that is where the pointer was.

Right click on some of the icons, What do you see? Yes, menus. Look at the choices in the menus.
Left click in a blank area of your desktop. Nothing happens. Now put your mouse over any of the icons on your screen and left click once. A single click. The icon is highlighted now, telling you it is selected. 

Don’t push the delete key !! 

Now put your mouse over an icon and double click, quickly. Whatever the icon represents now opens for you to see and use. When you’re done with a window that you have opened, look for an X in the top right corner of that window. Click the X once, this closes the window when you are done with it.

If you have trouble double clicking, you can right click on an icon for a menu, then left click on “open.”

Let’s be sure what we know these buttons are for. You will see these 3 icons in the top right corner of almost every window that you open.

The minus sign is called minimize, it means to get the window out of your way, but it is still open.

The square means to make the window fill the entire screen. If the window is already covering the full screen, this square will look like two squares, and clicking that will make the window smaller again.

Hover - put your pointer over something on your desktop, and wait a second or two. A box should pop up telling you some information about that icon. We use this hovering all the time when we want to learn what something is for. Try it now.

Drag and drop - Left click and hold the mouse button on one of your icons, then move your mouse. It moves.

If you have any problems doing these things with your mouse, (or touch pad ) you must master these skills to enjoy your computer. I can give you a handout to help you with this. 

The Taskbar

The bar running across the entire width of your screen. This is how mine looks.

  1. This single icon is the Start Button, clicking it opens the new Start Menu
  2. This a search box, type to find anything on your computer
  3. This new single icon is called the Task View button. You can use this to see everything open on your PC
  4. This row of icons are shortcuts to my most used programs. You can add shortcuts here for almost any program on your computer. Notice the line under the one icon. This tells you the program is open, even if you can not see it right now. Clicking the icon will bring the program to the front so you can see it
  5. The Notification area. To notify you of various things going on with your computer  Windows 10 Basics Session 1 win-10-taskbar-numbered

A little more detail of these 5 items now.

Click the Start Button - There are many things going on here. We will cover this in detail shortly.
Search Box - Click in the search box and type “cal”, because you want to find the calculator to use. Make a shortcut if you are going to use it more than just once. Why look for it every time you need it ?

If your Search Box says, Ask me anything, that means you have Cortana turned on. Your personal assistant.
You might enjoy using this, she hasn’t been too helpful for me. Cortana has to be turned on, and have to be using a Microsoft account to use this feature.

The Task View button - open a couple of programs then minimize them. (remember the minus sign in the top right corner?) Click the task view button and you’ll see them. From here you can click them to bring it to the front of your screen, or click the X in the top right corner to close it.
A group of icons. (Everybody will have at least two) These are my shortcuts to programs I use all the time.  Make some shortcuts now. 

The Notification Area - You’ll see various icons here to tell you the state of different things.
I have a battery indicator to let me know how full my battery is.

I have my Wi-Fi indicator to let me know if I’m connected to the internet.

I have a picture of a speaker, clicking this allows me to adjust my volume.

At the end of this Notification area, we have the time and date. Click on it and
you’ll see a nice calendar that allows you to go back or forward in months.
A real nice feature.

Action Center - Our Windows 10 notification area also has a new icon called Action Center.
At the top of this Action Center are various notifications windows is showing us. You can read them, maybe act on them and then clear them. At the bottom of this action center are several features we many want to use. If they are gray, they are turned off, if they are blue, they are turned on. We’ll look at some.

The New Start Menu - Click the start button. This window that pops up is the start menu.
There are 3 areas we can look at here.
The RED circle: These are called Most Used apps. If what you want is here, just click on it to start it.
The GREEN square: These are called tiles, and they are here because they have been “pinned” here. Right click a tile and look at your choices. Unpin means to remove it, but you still have the program where all your programs are. We can make a shortcut to a program by pinning it here. Find the program, right click it and choose pin to Start. You can change the size of many of these tiles and even rearrange them so you have your most used right at the top.
The last area in the yellow circle has many useful tools.
Windows 10 Basics Session 1 new-win-start-menu

File Explorer - A place where you can see every file and folder on your computer.

Settings - A central location for you to make changes for almost every aspect of your computer.

Power - Just what it says - Turn your computer completely off, or put it to sleep, or just restart it if you are having any problems. This fixes many problems.

The last entry here is all apps. Windows seems to use the terms “apps” and “programs” interchangeably now. Clicking this reveals all the programs installed on the computer. You can scroll through all the programs you have on your computer, and make shortcuts to any of these programs by right clicking on them. Then just choose “pin to start” or “pin to the taskbar” I love shortcuts !

Reference for this Article
Ron P. Hernando Computer Club  352-684-7171

Windows 10 Basics 2